When symptoms last longer than they should after a concussion or head injury, this is known as post-concussion (or post-concussive) syndrome. This syndrome can be worse in those who have experienced head trauma prior to the trauma that led to post-concussion syndrome.
Causes of Post-Concussion Syndrome
The initial cause of post-concussion syndrome is head trauma. Following this trauma, individuals who experience early symptoms of a headache, fogginess, amnesia or fatigue may experience more severe post-concussion syndrome.
Individuals who are younger in age or have a history of headaches have a higher risk.
Symptoms of Post-Concussion Syndrome
Symptoms differ from person to person, however, some common symptoms are:
- Sleep problems
- Ringing in the ears
- Blurry vision
- Light and noise sensitivity
- Feelings of depression, irritability or anxiety
- Memory problems
- Inability to concentrate or think
Treatment of Post-Concussion Syndrome
Treatment is based on symptoms the individual is experiencing. It can include:
- Over-the-counter medication for headaches
- Stress management or relaxation for cognitive problems
- Depression and anxiety management through therapy and/or medication
- Allow the brain time to heal itself. It may take anywhere from three weeks to three months.
If you believe your child is suffering from post-concussion syndrome, you can call 531-355-7420 to schedule an appointment with one of our neurologists.
Dr. Madhav Bandatmakur, Pediatric Neurologist at Boys Town National Research Hospital, explains what a concussion is and the symptoms that can arise after a concussion, called Post-Concussion Syndrome.