Advanced Bionics Corporation (ABC)
Advanced Bionics Corporation (ABC) is the manufacturer of the Clarion cochlear implant. ABC, based in Valencia, CA, is also the developer and manufacturer of biomedical devices that provide relief from urinary incontinence as well as chronic pain. The Clarion cochlear implant was developed in conjunction with researchers at the University of California at San Francisco (UCSF) and the Research Triangle Institute (RTI) in North Carolina. The Clarion cochlear implant was approved by the FDA for use in adults in 1996 and for children in 1997. Since that time, multiple upgrades have been made for both the internal and external portions of the device. Additional information about ABC or its products can be found online at: www.advancedbionics.com.
The Nucleus cochlear implant is manufactured by Cochlear Corporation, which is based in Melbourne, Australia. The U.S. office, Cochlear Americas, is based in Englewood, Colorado. This device was developed from Professor Graeme Clark’s early work at the University of Melbourne, Australia. The Nucleus 22 was the world’s first commercially available multi-channel cochlear implant, and was approved by the FDA in 1985 for use in profoundly hearing-impaired adults. FDA approval of the Nucleus 22 was granted for use in profoundly hearing-impaired children in 1990. Since that time, candidacy requirements have changed and multiple upgrades have been made for both the internal and external portions of the device. Additional information about Cochlear Corporation or its products can be found online at: www.cochlear.com
Medical Electronics (Med-El) Corporation, based in Innsbruck, Austria, manufactures the Combi 40+ cochlear implant system. Med-El also produces the Vibrant Soundbridge ® middle ear device and the Stiwell ® neuromuscular stimulator. The Med-El cochlear implant was developed by Ingeborg and Erwin Hochmair in the late 1970’s. At present, there are pediatric and adult Med-El implant recipients in 70 countries worldwide. In the United States, FDA approval for the Combi 40+ cochlear implant was obtained in 2001. Information about Med-El Corporation and its products can be found at: www.medel.com